The Publication Trends of Orthopaedic Surgery Residents Accepted into Spine Fellowship Programs

Publication Trends of Spine Fellows


  • Franklin J. Powlan, M.D. TTUHSC
  • Benjamin R. Childs, M.D.
  • Madison Craft, M.D.
  • Austin B. Fares, M.D.
  • Daniel G. Kang, M.D.



spine, research, fellowship, residency


Background: Many orthopaedic surgery residents continue to publish research articles despite no requirements for most spine fellowships. We hypothesize that the number of publications published by orthopaedic surgery residents accepted into spine fellowship are increasing.

Objective: To determine research trends of orthopaedic surgery residents who go onto spine fellowship after residency.

Methods:  A list of spine fellows who matched into fellowship between 2013 to 2019 was compiled from publicly accessible information on spine fellowship websites. Data collected included specific year of fellowship, fellowship program, region of fellowship, number of articles published, high impact journals, and first authorship publications and statistically analyzed with Microsoft Excel.

Results: A total of 306 spine fellows who matched between 2013 to 2019 were identified with 1522 publications during residency, 404 (26.5%) publications in high impact journals, and 541 (35.5%) first author publications. Average publications per fellow increased from 1.1 in 2013 to 6.6 in 2019 with an R2 of .90 on linear regression analysis. The highest average publications came from the Midwest and South region. The highest average of publications in high impact journals, and first authorships came from the Midwest region.

Conclusion: The average number of publications, first authorships, and publications in high impact journals has increased over recent years. These trends are important for residents considering applying to spine fellowship in order to give themselves a competitive advantage, target regions that best suit them, and provide themselves with the best opportunity to match into a spine fellowship program.


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How to Cite

Powlan, F., Childs, B., Craft, M., Fares, A., & Kang, D. (2024). The Publication Trends of Orthopaedic Surgery Residents Accepted into Spine Fellowship Programs: Publication Trends of Spine Fellows. Journal of Orthopaedic Business, 4(2).